How to Migrate from Nigeria to Canada 8 Hot Ways

Canada is renowned worldwide for its exceptional education system, high level of security, abundant job opportunities, and quality standard of living among others. Hence, it comes as no surprise that numerous individuals, particularly Nigerians, aspire to relocate to Canada. However, you may have heard that the Canadian immigration process is demanding and time-consuming and the thought alone can wear you out even before you start your immigration journey. The good news is that there are several easy ways to immigrate to Canada. In this article, we will reveal 8 hot ways you can migrate from Nigeria to Canada!

 8 Hot Ways to Migrate from Nigeria to Canada

1. The Atlantic Immigration Program

Previously known as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot, the Atlantic Immigration Program has been created to provide a route to permanent residency for skilled foreign workers including Nigerians and international graduates from Canadian institutions who have the desire to live and work in any of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada, namely Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. This program assists employers in finding suitable candidates to fill job positions that have remained vacant locally( i.e not filled by Canadian citizens). Applying for the program is possible whether you are outside of Canada or already a temporary resident in the country.

To be eligible for the program, it is important to secure a job offer from an employer designated by Atlantic Canada. There are two ways to qualify:

  • You must have recently graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada.
  • Be a skilled worker.

Moreover, other conditions must be met, which include:

  • Having work experience that meets the eligibility criteria, unless you are an international graduate from an accredited post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada.
  •  Meeting or surpassing the educational requirements.
  • Meeting or surpassing the language requirements.
  • Showing sufficient financial resources to support yourself and any dependents upon arrival in Canada. However, if you are already living and working in Canada with a valid work permit, you are exempt from providing such proof.

Once these conditions are met, you can begin your search for a job with an employer designated in Atlantic Canada.

2. Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is an easy pathway for immigration to Canada. Noteworthy, each Canadian province has its nominee programs with different eligibility criteria. Some of these Provincial Nominee Programs include, among others:

  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
  • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NW PNP)
  • Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
  • Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NS PNP)
  • Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (OINP)
  • Saskatchewan Provincial Nominee Program (SINP)
  • Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

However, the BC PNP stands out as the fastest program among them, offering various benefits exclusive to it.

There are two methods of applying for the provincial nominee program: the Express Entry process and the Non-Express Entry process.

3. Express Entry

Anyone serious about immigrating to Canada must have heard of this pathway as it is a popular and easy way to immigrate to Canada. This program enables individuals to start their immigration process from anywhere in the world and possibly relocate to Canada within six months. The Express Entry system entails three different programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is tailored for skilled workers who have at least one year of work experience in a skilled occupation. Eligibility for this program depends on meeting specific requirements related to skilled work experience, language proficiency, and education. Once the minimum requirements are fulfilled, applicants undergo evaluation based on various factors such as age, education, work experience, valid job offer, language proficiency in English and/or French, and adaptability to settle in the country. These factors are assessed using a 100-point grid system that determines eligibility, with a minimum requirement of 67 points.

  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) targets skilled tradespeople with expertise in specific trades. To qualify, individuals must meet the requirements of language proficiency in reading, writing, listening, and speaking, as well as possess a minimum of two years of full-time work experience (or equivalent part-time work) within the last five years in a skilled trade. The work experience must be paid, excluding volunteer work or unpaid internships. Additionally, applicants must hold a valid job offer of full-time employment for at least one year or possess a certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian federal, territorial, or provincial authority.

  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is designed for individuals with a minimum of one year of skilled work experience in any field within Canada. To apply for this program, certain requirements must be fulfilled, including meeting language proficiency levels for the relevant job (reading, writing, listening, and speaking abilities) and having at least one year of skilled work experience in Canada within the past three years before the application. It’s important to note that individuals who are refugee claimants in Canada, working without authorization, or gained work experience without temporary resident status are not eligible to apply for the Canadian Experience Class.

If an individual meets the eligibility requirements for their chosen category, they will need to complete an online profile, which remains valid for one year. Subsequently, they may receive a score through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a point-based assessment system that considers factors such as education, work experience, language proficiency, job offer, adaptability, and age, as previously mentioned. Candidates are then placed in a pool, and those with the highest scores will be invited to apply for permanent residence (PR) in Canada. It’s however expedient to note that there is a 90-day time frame to submit the PR application.

The cost of participating in the Express Entry program is CAD 2300 for a single applicant and CAD 4500 for couples.

4. Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

The objective of the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot program is to extend the benefits of economic immigration to less populated areas by providing a pathway for skilled foreign workers including Nigerians who intend to reside and work in one of the participating communities to obtain permanent residency. It should be noted that this program is primarily community-driven.

To apply for permanent residence through this pilot program, there are four steps to follow. The first step is to ensure that you meet the eligibility requirements set by the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) as well as the specific requirements of the community you are interested in. Next, you need to secure a job with an employer in one of the eligible participating communities. Once you have a job offer, you can apply for a recommendation from the community. If the community provides a recommendation, you can then proceed to apply for permanent residence. It is vital to note that each of the communities will have its additional eligibility requirements, job search process, and application process for community recommendation.

To determine your eligibility for the program, you need to answer specific questions on the program’s website. Additionally, it is important to note that each community has its unique recommendation process. As part of the recommendation application process, the community will require you to submit supporting documents. You can apply to any community by showing that you meet all the requirements for the pilot program and have a valid employment offer. Alternatively, you can also apply for permanent residence by creating an online account and completing the necessary forms on the program’s website.

5. Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot

The Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) is a program that combines refugee resettlement with economic immigration, aiming to achieve the following objectives:

  • Facilitate the migration of skilled refugees to Canada through established economic programs.
  • Provide employers with access to a fresh pool of capable candidates to occupy their job vacancies.

The EMPP program simplifies the process of applying to specific economic immigration programs through the following steps:

  • Qualifying for an economic immigration program.
  •  Completing and submitting your application.
  • Starting your new life in Canada.

This pilot program enhances your eligibility for the economic program of your choice. Moreover, it offers various benefits, such as waiving application and biometric fees for you and your dependents, as well as hastening the review and processing of your application within a timeframe of six months or less, among other advantages.

6. Family Sponsorship

Canada places high importance on family reunification and its immigration policies reflect the same by providing opportunities for new permanent residents to be reunited with their families. If you have a family member who is already a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, they have the option to sponsor you for permanent residency through the Family Sponsorship Program, which consists of four categories outlined below:

  • Dependent Child Sponsorship

This category applies to unmarried children under the age of 22 who are considered qualified dependents, whether through adoption or biological relation. It is vital to note that sponsorship requires approval from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

  • Spousal and Common-law Partner Sponsorship

Under this category, permanent Canadian citizens can sponsor their spouses or common-law partners for permanent residency. A common-law partner refers to a couple who have lived together for at least one year.

  • Orphaned Family Members

 This category is intended for orphaned individuals who have a relative, such as a brother, sister, uncle, or aunt, who is a Canadian resident and can sponsor them to live in Canada.

  • Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship

This category allows Canadian citizens to provide financial support to their parents or grandparents and then sponsor them to reside in Canada. However, it is important to note that the program has an annual limit and only accepts 10,000 immigrants per year.

Please note that each category has specific requirements and criteria that must be met to qualify for sponsorship under the Family Sponsorship Program.

7. Caregiver

As a caregiver, you have the option to work either temporarily or pursue permanent residency in Canada. Under the Caregiver option,  there are several programs available, such as Home Child Care Provider, Home Support Worker, Live-in Caregiver, Caring for Children, Caring for People with High Medical Needs, and Interim Pathway for Caregivers. However, we will focus on the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker programs.

To be eligible for permanent residency, you must meet specific qualifying criteria and have received a job offer in one of the designated occupations. Once accepted, you will be issued an open work permit that is specific to your occupation and does not require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). This work permit allows you to gain the necessary work experience required for permanent residency in Canada.

If you have previously worked as a home childcare provider or support worker, your prior experience may also contribute to your eligibility for permanent residency. However, in cases where you do not meet the eligibility criteria for permanent residency as a caregiver, there may still be options available for you to work temporarily.

8. Education

You can choose to immigrate to Canada and become eligible for permanent residency through studying.  However, to maximize your chances of success in this process, you must meet the requirements for a study permit during your education to avoid any negative impact on your immigration status.

Many international students may have problems getting skilled work experience, which is important for your immigration. However, to solve this you can get a post-graduation work permit, which allows you to work in Canada and gain the necessary experience.

As a graduate of an international student program, there are various options available for you, including:

  •  Post-Graduation Work Permits
  •  Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Provincial Nominee Programs
  • Quebec Immigration Options:
  •  Canadian Experience Class:

By exploring these programs and meeting the requirements, international student graduates can enhance their chances of obtaining permanent residency in Canada.

Conclusion

Canada is a sought-after country for immigration globally, and although the immigration process may appear daunting, there are several ways to hasten your journey to Canada. This article has presented 8 hot pathways to travel to  Canada from Nigeria. However, you may need to assess them based on your unique needs and available resources. It is even possible that you may qualify for more than one program so don’t try just one way!

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