Labourer Jobs in Canada for Immigrants Application Guide

Canada, the second-largest country globally, offers numerous career opportunities. If you’re considering doing labour work, Canada has several benefits and opportunities for you. Usually, shortages of labour can slow down the economy of any country and have adverse effects on businesses. To tackle this, Canada’s government welcomes skilled and unskilled foreign workers through various programs. Additionally, Canada is foreigner-friendly, with welcoming citizens, quality healthcare, education, and more. Labourers receive good pay, connect with new people, and create lasting relationships.

If you’re interested in immigrating to Canada for labour work, this post is just for you. Here, we will explore who labourers are, their responsibilities, opportunities in Canada, and specific and general immigration requirements, among other relevant information.

Who are Labourers?

Labourers, also known as general labourers, are important unskilled workers who contribute to the efficient functioning of construction sites. They undertake various tasks necessary for seamless operations and support skilled professionals when necessary. In the National Occupation Code (NOC) list, there are many categories of labourers as there are many fields in which labourers can work. Some codes include 75110 (Construction trades helpers and labourers), 75119 (Other trades helpers and labourers), and 75211 (Railway and motor transport labourers) among others.

The absence of labourers could severely affect organizational progress, as they play a pivotal role in business operations. Manufacturing companies rely on labourers to perform vital duties such as machinery maintenance and repair, installation and fixing of power cables and telecommunication systems, as well as operating and repairing engines. Their diverse roles directly impact the smooth workflow and overall success of the company. Under the NOC list, labourers fall under the TEER 5 category. Hence, they are occupations that usually need short-term work demonstration and no formal education. However, if you have a formal education, it could increase your chances of being employed!

What are the Duties of Labourers?

In Canada, labourers have a range of responsibilities, including:

1. Moving tools, materials, and equipment between different work areas.

2. Assisting in the splicing of both underground and overhead electric power transmission wires and communication systems.

3. Providing assistance to fellow staff members in the installation, maintenance, and repair of industrial machinery and equipment.

4. Offering support for the repair, maintenance, and setup of air conditioning systems and refrigeration heating.

5. Contributing to the repair, installation, and maintenance of elevators.

6. Participating in the maintenance and repair of stationary electric power distribution and generating equipment.

7. Assisting other workers in maintaining and repairing railways, aircraft, motorcycles, buses, and heavy machinery.

8. Fixing small engines, electrical equipment, and similar devices.

9. Repairing and arranging plywood panels manually or through mechanical means.

10. Repairing, initiating, supporting, and adjusting processing tools and machines.

11. Load and offloading of construction materials, and transport materials to the designated areas

12. Set up and take down structures like concrete forms, scaffolding, ramps, shoring, and safety barriers at construction sites

13. Combine, pour, and distribute materials like concrete and asphalt

Labourers in Canada handle these tasks and more, playing a pivotal role in various industries and sectors to ensure the smooth functioning of operations.

What are the Jobs Labourers do in Canada?

Under the applicable National Occupation Codes, the job titles of labourers include:

  • Aerial spraying assistant
  • Aerial spraying lineman/woman
  • Air conditioning mechanic helper
  • Instrument mechanic helper- Aircraft
  • Aircraft mechanic helper
  • Body repairer helper – Automobile
  • Bumper straightener- Automobile
  • Automotive electrician helper
  • Automotive mechanic helper
  • Cable installation and repair helper – telecommunications
  • Cable installer helper
  • Repairer helper- Cable
  • Telecommunications Cable repairer helper
  • Cable splicer helper
  • Asphalt spreader
  • Bricklayer helper
  • Carpenter helper
  • Concrete mixer helper
  • Concrete paving labourer
  • Construction helper
  • Construction labourer
  • Demolition worker
  • Cableman/woman helper
  • Chainman/woman – land surveying
  • Chemical process equipment mechanic helper
  • Commercial air conditioning mechanic helper
  • Compassman/woman – land surveying
  • Construction equipment mechanic helper
  • Crawler track repairer helper
  • Diesel mechanic helper
  • Diver helper
  • Electric cable network installer helper
  • Cable splicer helper- Electrical work
  • Electric motor repairer helper
  • Wire communications labourer and Electric power
  • Electrical mechanic helper
  • Constructor helper -Elevator
  • Elevator mechanic helper
  • Engine fitter helper
  • Factory maintenance mechanic helper
  • Mobile mechanic helper
  • Motor vehicle body repairer helper
  • Motor vehicle mechanic helper
  • Motorman/woman – offshore drilling rig
  • Oil burner maintainer helper
  • Oil burner mechanic helper
  • Oil burner technician helper
  • Ore-processing equipment repairer helper
  • Peat digger
  • Pipefitter helper – shipbuilding
  • Power cable system installer helper
  • Powered-machine or towed-machine repairer helper – construction
  • Powerhouse electrician helper
  • Powerhouse mechanical repairer helper
  • Powerhouse oiler
  • Protective signal servicer helper
  • Pump installer and repairer helper
  • Railway car repairer helper
  • Refrigeration mechanic helper
  • Rig mechanic helper
  • Rodman/woman – land surveying
  • Sewing machine mechanic helper
  • Sewing machine repairer helper
  • Ship machinery installer helper
  • Shipbuilding electrician helper
  • Shipyard electrician helper
  • Small-engine mechanic helper
  • Utility pole installer
  • Window air conditioner repairer helper

These diverse job titles under some NOC codes involve a wide range of labourer roles, each contributing to various sectors and industries, showcasing the importance of labourers in various aspects of work.

Specific Requirements to Work as a Labourer as an Immigrant in Canada

To qualify for immigration to Canada and employment as a labourer, you must satisfy these specific and general conditions before you can be considered for the role. The specific conditions include:

1. Age

 Bear in mind that applicants must be at least 18 years old to qualify. This is due to the demanding nature of labourer roles, which require a certain level of mental and physical maturity.

2. Education

 Prospective labourers must hold a high school diploma or its equivalent. This educational attainment must be from an officially recognized institution to validate the level of education.

3. Physical Fitness

Physical strength is essential for performing the strenuous tasks usually associated with labourer positions in Canada. The nature of the work often involves heavy lifting, handling substantial loads, and operating intricate machinery. Therefore, candidates need to possess the requisite physical capabilities.

4. On-the-Job Training

Successful candidates will be required to undergo on-the-job training as part of their integration into the labour force in Canada.

5. Apprenticeship Program

 An important requirement that can boost your chances of getting a job as a labourer is the completion of an apprenticeship program which is aimed at enhancing and refining skills. This apprenticeship should span between 1 to 3 years.

6. Work Ethics and Safety Awareness

A solid understanding of work ethics and safety protocols cannot be overemphasized in your job as a labourer. This ensures that labourers can contribute effectively while prioritizing safety within their industry.

7. Critical Thinking and Analytical Skills

 To excel in this role, candidates need to possess strong critical thinking abilities and analytical skills, which aid in problem-solving and efficient task execution.

By meeting these conditions, individuals can position themselves as qualified candidates for immigration and employment as labourers in Canada.

 General Requirements for Working in Canada as a Labourer

In addition to the specific conditions for qualifying for a labourer role in Canada, there are general requirements applicable across all fields for working in the country. These general requirements include the following factors which should be considered:

1. Language Proficiency

Proficiency in the language spoken by Canadians is essential for effective communication in any organization. In Canada, English or French is spoken, based on the province of choice. For instance, in Quebec, French is widely spoken while in Ontario, English is the leading language. A solid grasp of speaking, writing, and reading in either English or French is important in communicating with Canadians effectively. An established way to demonstrate this is through a language proficiency test, such as IELTS or TOEFL.

2. Age

For employment in Canada across all sectors, the minimum working age is 18 years. Hence, to both immigrate and work in Canada without any hassles, individuals must fall within the age bracket of 18 to 40. Deviating from this age range renders individuals ineligible, as it is presumed they may not possess the necessary physical abilities required for work.

3. Education

A high school diploma stands as the minimum educational requirement. However, possessing a college degree significantly enhances the chances of securing higher-paying roles. Educational qualifications also influence Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points within the Express Entry program, which will be discussed further in this post.  Labourers with advanced educational backgrounds have the best chances for Canadian immigration.

4. Work Experience

Specifically for aspiring labourers, an important condition is having accrued a minimum of one year of full-time employment or its equivalent of 1560 hours as a part-time worker. This work experience criterion holds high importance, particularly for individuals seeking to move to Canada in labour-related roles.

5. Arranged Employment

Employment plays a significant role in the immigration process to Canada. Thus, having a job offer arranged on your behalf by a legitimate employer is necessary in the immigration to Canada.

Steps to Migrate to Canada as a Labourer

Before we talk about how to move to Canada as a labourer, it’s essential to look at the different ways you can immigrate to Canada for this kind of work. These alternatives include the following:

1. Express Entry

2. Provincial Nominee Program

3. In-demand jobs

4. Quebec Experience Class

5. Atlantic Immigration Program

6. Temporary Foreign Worker Program

1. Express Entry

The Express Entry route stands as one of the most popular methods for immigrating to Canada. The process involves creating an account and providing accurate information for assessment. Within the Express Entry program, there exist three choices:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Canada Experience Class (CEC)
  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) applies to skilled workers with a minimum of one year of experience in a skilled field. To be eligible, you must meet the program’s specific requirements for work experience, language skills, and education. After fulfilling these conditions, your application for the Federal Skilled Worker Program undergoes evaluation based on various factors. These include age, education, work history, presence of a valid job offer, proficiency in English and/or French, and adaptability to settle in Canada. These factors contribute to a 100-point grid system that determines eligibility, with points assigned based on performance across six categories. Presently, applicants must obtain at least 67 points to meet the program’s qualification threshold.

  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

The FSTP is designed for skilled tradespeople who are skilled in specific trades. To qualify, you must meet specific criteria. This involves having proficient language abilities in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Furthermore, you must possess a minimum of 2 years of full-time (or equivalent part-time) paid work experience within the last 5 years in a skilled trade. Volunteer work or unpaid internships will not be considered in this requirement. Additionally, you must meet the job specifications outlined for your particular skilled trade following the National Occupational Classification. The requirement of possessing a certificate of qualification is waived for this program. Moreover, you need a valid job offer for full-time employment for at least 1 year, or you should hold a qualification certificate issued by Canadian federal, territorial, or provincial authorities that verifies your skill in the relevant skilled trade.

  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The CEC pathway is tailored for individuals with at least one year of skilled work experience in any field within Canada. To be eligible, certain conditions must be met which have been highlighted above. Hence, meeting the required language proficiency levels for your job is essential across reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Additionally, you need a minimum of 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada within the last 3 years before applying. It’s important to note that individuals who are refugee claimants in Canada, have worked without authorization, or gained work experience without temporary resident status in Canada are ineligible for the Canadian Experience Class program.

If you satisfy the eligibility criteria for your chosen category, you will need to complete an online profile, which remains valid for a year. Subsequently, you’ll receive a score via the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) which is a point-based system. This point-based assessment considers factors like education, work experience, language proficiency, job offer, adaptability, and age, as discussed earlier. After this, applicants will be placed in a pool of candidates, and the applicants with the highest scores will then be invited to apply for permanent residence (PR) in Canada. It’s however important to keep in mind that you have a 90-day window to submit your PR application.

The cost associated with the Express Entry program is CAD 2300 for individual applicants and CAD 4500 for couples.

2. Provincial Nominee Program

The provincial nominee program is another great way you can move to Canada. This program allows you to work and live in a specific province in Canada. If the authorities in the province believe your skills will help the economy, they might give you a visa to move there. This option is faster for immigrating to Canada, and it adds 600 points to your CRS score when you apply. These are some examples of provincial nominee programs available:

  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
  • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NL PNP)
  • Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
  • Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NSPNP)
  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
  • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  • Saskatchewan Immigration Nominee Program (SINP)
  • Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

How Does the Provincial Nominee Program Work?

When you decide to immigrate to Canada, it’s important to find out which province is looking for your skills and the specific immigration category that matches your eligibility. In most cases, provinces require you to have a job offer from that province before you can apply. Here are some helpful tips for your provincial nominee program (PNP) application:

1. Having some work experience in the province, even if it’s a temporary job, is usually required. Many PNPs ask for 6 to 12 months of work experience before considering you eligible.

2. It’s essential to have a valid job offer before you apply for the provincial nominee program.

3. As soon as you fulfil all the requirements for a provincial nomination, it’s recommended to apply promptly. If your application is successful, you can then use the nomination certificate to apply for permanent residency through the Canadian government.

There are two methods for applying to the provincial nominee program: the Express Entry process and the Non-Express Entry process.

  • Express Entry Process

If you receive a nomination from a province or territory through the Express Entry stream which would be received via your email, it will be indicated on your nomination certificate. You can confirm this information by contacting the relevant province or territory.

There are two approaches for application:

  • You may contact your chosen province or territory and then submit an application for a nomination under their Express Entry stream. After receiving the nomination, you can create or update your Express Entry profile to reflect this and accept the nomination online.
  • Alternatively, you can create an Express Entry profile online and express your interest in specific provinces or territories. If any of them send you a “notification of interest” through your account, you can directly contact them and apply to their Express Entry stream. If nominated, the province or territory will make the offer through your account, and you can accept it online. Regardless of the approach, creating an Express Entry profile at the beginning of the process is essential.
  • Non-Express Entry Process

For the Non-Express Entry process, the application involves two stages:

1. First, choose the province or territory in Canada where you intend to reside and apply to them for nomination. Your application will be evaluated based on factors including immigration requirements and your genuine intention to live in that area.

2. After being nominated by a province or territory, you must apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for permanent residency. Your application will be reviewed according to Canadian immigration laws.

3. In-demand Jobs

If your skills are needed in Canada, your chances of immigrating are higher. This is especially true for someone like a general labourer who may have a high level of education.

4. Quebec Experience Class

If you’re aiming to work in Quebec as a labourer, you are on the right track. But keep in mind that you need to be fluent in French, as it’s the language used there as earlier mentioned.

5. Atlantic Immigration Program

Previously known as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot, the Atlantic Immigration Program is designed to help skilled foreign workers and international graduates from Canadian schools become permanent residents. This program is for people who want to live and work in any of the four Canadian Atlantic provinces: Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. This program helps employers find suitable candidates for jobs that haven’t been filled locally.

To be eligible for this program, you have to either:

  • Have recently graduated from a recognized school in Atlantic Canada
  • Be a skilled worker

You can apply from outside Canada or if you’re already in Canada as a temporary resident. However, you also need to meet the following conditions:

  • Have the right work experience unless you’re an international graduate from a school in Atlantic Canada
  •  Meet the educational requirements
  • Meet the language requirements
  •  Prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and any dependents when you arrive in Canada. However, if you’re already working in Canada with a valid work permit, you don’t need to prove this.

Once you meet these conditions, you can start looking for a job (a labourer job in this case) with a designated employer in Atlantic Canada.

6. Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)

This program is another way to come to Canada and work as a labourer. It allows non-Canadians who don’t have permanent residency to work in places where there’s an urgent need for labourers. If you choose this path, you have to apply for something called the Labour Market Impact Assessment. This confirms that a foreign worker is needed for the job. Participating in the TFWP can be your one-time chance to become a permanent resident in Canada.

Conclusion

The chances of successfully moving to Canada and working as a labourer are quite high, especially because the country needs foreigners to help with work shortages every year. Companies can’t function well without labourers, as they’re a big part of making things run smoothly. So, if you’ve been thinking about immigrating to Canada as a laborer, we’re here to make things simpler for you. We’ve given you all the information you need, so you can go through the process without any problems. Just follow the steps in this article, and you’ll have a successful journey immigrating to Canada as a labourer!

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